Collie Breed Characteristics
There are two coat lengths and three colour variations:
The longer coat is called Rough Collie and the shorter coat is called the Smooth Collie.
The recognised colours for both Rough and Smooth are:

Sable  Any shade from light gold to rich mahogany or shaded sable. Light straw or cream colour is highly undesirable.
Tricolour  Predominantly black with rich tan markings about the legs and head. A rusty tinge on the top coat is highly undesirable.
Blue Merle  Predominantly clear, silvery blue, splashed and marbled with black. Rich tan markings to be preferred, but their absence should not be penalised. Large black markings, slate colour, or a rusty tinge either of the top or undercoat are highly undesirable.
White markings  All the above should carry the typical white Collie markings to a greater or lesser degree. The following markings are favourable: white collar, full or part; white shirt, legs and feet; white tail tip. A blaze may be carried on muzzle or skull or both.

Tri Colour (Rough)Sable (Rough)Blue Merle (Smooth)

Caring for your Collie
An adult male will measure 51-61cm at the shoulder and will weigh 26-30kg. An adult female will measure 51-56cm and weigh 22-25kg. A Collie's life span is from 10 to 14 years, the average being 11 to 12 years.

Temperament
Collies are very affectionate animals who respond to love and affection rather than harsh discipline. They are an excellent family dog and like to be regarded as a member of the family. They are not a dog to be left in the yard with very little human contact. Collies do well in Obedience Training as they are intelligent and relish the chance to work with their master, but they are a sensitive animal and must be treated accordingly when training.

Exercise
Although a Collie is considered a medium to large dog, it is not necessary to have a large backyard. Provided he has room to play, and you can take him for regular walks, he will be perfectly happy in a smaller yard.

Grooming
It is not necessary to spend hours brushing the long coat. A good brushing once or twice a week if sufficient. Of course, if you intend showing your Collie, a little more attention would be required. As Collies do not acquire the usual "doggy" smell, a bath would only be necessary every 4 to 6 weeks in summer weather and less frequently in cooler weather. A good rub down with a wet flannel will remove surface grime and freshen him up between baths, or a sprinkling of baby powder brushed through the coat will act as a dry-cleaning agent.

Feeding
A Collie does not need special food. Any commercial complete dog food is adequate. You can also mix in any table scraps but no cooked bones. Cooked bones can splinter and cause all sorts of problems. A raw shank bone given once or twice a week will keep his teeth clean. Plenty of fresh water must be available at all times.